Lvov was founded in 1256 by the prince Daniel Galitsky and was named after his son Lev. In accordance with the strict rules of architecture and planishing in those times Lvov consisted of three parts – the reinforcement of the city, the village fence and the suburb.
In the area of the present Kniazha Mountain reinforcements were made to defend against the enemy. One of them is the High Castle which tells its mysterious stories to tourists until now.
The city was separated from the High Castle by a deep pit and reinforced with high bulwarks to protect Lvov citizens from the enemy. Very soon Lvov became the trading and economic centre of the region.
Being located at the crossroads of the main trade routs of the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea, Kyiv, Central and Western Europe, it attracted Tatars, Germans, Hungarians and Poles. That is why the architecture of the city is so diverse, different styles are reflected in it - gothic style, baroque, Renaissance, Roman style.
A brief bus excursion on the city is a golden opportunity to see historical monuments, the wealth and variety of the architectural styles of the 11th – 20th centuries: St. Elizabeth’s church – the new gothic style, the polytechnic of Lvov, St. Yura’s cathedral is a masterpiece of baroque, Lvov University is a building of the Renaissance style.
The foot excursion “Ancient Lvov”: the architectural ensemble, the pearl of Renaissance – Market Square, Uspenskaya church is the monument of the Renaissance style, Latin Stand is the most ancient monument of the gothic style, Armenian Cathedral is the monument of the 11th century.
The excursion “The Golden horseshoe of Lvov region”
This excursion includes Olesky castle, the castle in Podgortsy and Zolochevsky castle where you can find Chinese palace which is still preserved – one of the three in Europe.
- Olesko castle is a famous monument of the 12th-17th centuries. The ancient Russian fortress became the magnate residence many years later and was rebuilt in the style of the Italian Renaissance.
- Podgortsy castle is a piece of architecture of the late Renaissance of 1640. It belonged to the Zhevusskys – the magnate family. It is surrounded by bulwarks and pits. The cathedral was built in the baroque style. It has the front gates and a park of the 18th century with old lindens. Podgortsy castle is the branch of Lvov art gallery.
- Zlochevsky castle. There are two wonderful stones with the manuscript dating back to the 13th-16th centuries in its area. According to a legend this is the stone of “Happiness” where you can make your cherished wish. It can come true only if it brings good and happiness to people.
The Shevchenko Grove (the museum in the open air)
The Shevchenko Grove is a museum in the open air. Here you can see the pieces of Ukrainian woodcraft and home stuff. The Shevchenko Grove is located in a very picturesque place in Lvov.
Over 10,000 exhibits from different ethnographic regions of Western Ukraine are collected here. The real ornament of the museum is wooden churches from the Carpathians. They are sophisticated pieces of the Ukrainian woodcraft.
The famous Lychakovskoye cemetery is one of the most ancient cemeteries in Europe. It was founded in the 16th century. In 1783-1784 in accordance with the decrees of the Austrian emperor Joseph II four country cemeteries were founded in the place of demolished orthodox and catholic churches.
Only Lychkovskoye cemetery still exists nowadays. Its oldest tomb dates back to 1786. Lychakovsky necropolis has more than 3,000 monuments and tombs. Among them there are works of such sculptors and architects as Hartman Vietver, Anthon and Johan Shimzer, Abel Mariya Perie, Julian Markovsky, Tadeush Baronch, Paul Eutele, Leonardo Markoni, Paris Philipi, Grigoriy Kuznevich, Sergey Litvinenko and others.
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